Software forensics come with a wide array of possible usages. While trying to analyze whether a suspected software is malicious or not, it can be helpful for determining if a specific issue is the result of any carelessness or it was introduced deliberately as the payload. It is possible to seek information regarding authorship as well as the culture behind a specific programmer, in addition to the sequence in which linked programs were written. They can be used for the determination of intellectual property problems or for conferring evidence about the suspected author of the program. The techniques behind this are at times used for recovering some lost source code.
Software forensics deal with two varied types of code, in general. The first is considered to be source code, which is legible to people relatively. Analysis of the source code is referred to often as the code analysis. It is interlinked with literary analysis closely. The second analysis of code, machine or object is known as forensic programming. Code analysis has procured a plethora of contributions from the literary analysis. It happens to be a more mature and older field. It is also known as stylistics, forensic stylistics, forensic linguistics, authorship analysis, stylometry. Stylometric or stylistic analysis of texts and messages may confer evidence and information which is used for the purpose of identification as well as confirmation of the identity.
Frequent physical fingerprint evidence does not provide assistance in identifying the perpetrator while finding the individual from whom the fingerprint is obtained. A fingerprint, however, can be helpful in confirming identity or placing a person at the scene of the crime, as soon as the suspect is determined. In a similar manner, the evidence collected during the analysis of the text or body of messages may be helpful for confirming that a specific suspect of the individual is the person who is responsible for the creation of fraudulent postings. Both the syntactical structure of the text and the content can confer evidence which is related to a specific person.
Few of the evidence, which is discovered through the software forensics may not be interlinked to individuals. Few pieces of information which is related to the content may be linked to the group of individuals who have worked together, have an impact on each other or are influenced by a certain outside source. The data can be used still as it will render clues related to the group which the author may be interlinked with. It may come handy while creating profiles of the writer. Groups may make use of the common tools. Different types of tools that include word processors, databases may be used commonly by groups and bestow similar type of evidence. In the analysis of software, indications of specific compilers, languages and other types of development tools are available.
When it comes to programming, you can trace indications of different styles and cultures in programming. A broad instance happens to be the variance between the designs of the programs in UNIX environment and Microsoft Windows environment. Windows programs can be monolithic and large along with the complete set of functions which are built into the main programs, calls linked with application function libraries.